These are the so-called power plants of the cell, they have their own DNA.

After a long lead time, embryos can now be created from the genome of three people in Great Britain. This was announced by the responsible supervisory authority HFEA. The controversial method is intended to prevent serious hereditary diseases.

Great Britain is the first country in the world to expressly allow such treatment methods. Parliament had already cleared the way for this last year. However, the HFEA experts had the final say on the matter.

At "special circumstances" allowed

A commission of experts had recommended that the authority "careful use" two methods "special circumstances" to allow. These are the so-called Maternal Spindle Transfer (MST) and Pronuclear Transfer (PNT). Both of these procedures involve replacing mitochondria from the mother with mitochondria from a donor.

Prevent hereditary disease

The method is intended to enable women to conceive without passing on certain hereditary diseases to their children. These are diseases that are inherited with the mitochondria. These are the so-called power plants of the cell, they have their own DNA.

The mitochondria are tiny organisms in the cells that convert glucose into energy molecules. In the event of a malfunction, the organism does not have sufficient energy, which can lead to serious degenerative diseases, especially of the muscles and nerves.

Few cases a year

Only very few couples are affected, however: around 125 babies are born every year in Great Britain with mitochondrial disease, a malfunction of the mitochondria. This is inherited exclusively from the mother.

The technique developed in Newcastle blocks the transmission of mitochondriopathy from mother to child by removing the defective mitochondria from the egg and replacing them with mitochondria from another woman. The other woman remains anonymous. The egg cell modified in this way is then fertilized in the laboratory with the father’s sperm and then inserted into the mother’s uterus.

The resulting child will have the characteristics of its mother and father because the proportion of the genetic make-up from the foreign woman is only small: the DNA of a mitochondria makes up only one percent of the total DNA in a human cell. The change in the genetic makeup is passed on from generation to generation.

While the proponents of the method see it as a huge medical advance, the opponents fear that the method could open the door to the creation of designer babies. Most recently, the birth of a child with the genetic makeup of three people was reported in Mexico in April. Mexican laws do not specifically allow the procedures, but neither do they prohibit them.

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"Mother’s little helper" – that’s how the Rolling Stones sang in the 1960s about the substances that mothers should save from everyday life. A seductive straw that promises short-term rescue, but in the long term sets a vicious circle in motion – and is anything but harmless.

Back then it was about Valium. In the years before that, it was the so-called enriched with amphetamines "Housewife chocolate" and after that it was the then over-the-counter ephedrine. The fact that some mothers use tools to cope with their everyday lives is not new, but it is becoming more and more dangerous.

Not to get high, but to function

On the one hand there are drug-addicted mothers, women who have already taken drugs before and during pregnancy, who are addicted to opiates, and whose babies are sometimes born addicted. They urgently need help to escape their vicious circle.

But there is also the absolutely inconspicuous drug clientele among parents or mothers. Women who always look well-groomed and who master everything with flying colors. The job, child, household and parents’ council seem to get under one roof with ease, are full of energy and put others in the shade.

"Every society has the drugs it deserves" summarizes Uwe Schmidt from drug help Schwaben. "A mother lying exhausted on the sofa is not in demand. We should work non-stop, always be efficient. The mean thing is that the drugs do what they promise – for the moment. The consumer does not suspect that this is not a permanent solution."

Old patterns and new drug addiction

The fact that very few women with strollers are approached by a dealer and thus have easy access to illegal drugs means that many resort to other means.

"Drug addiction has priority here. Exhausted mothers with sleep disorders in particular are prescribed something relatively quickly. This can be a tool for the moment, but it can also lead to abuse. Especially in connection with alcohol." In order to get real drugs, either chance has to be involved or there have to be contacts from earlier times that are refreshed.

"A child is a big challenge with a lot of responsibility, the stress level is high, you should be there continuously, suffers from lack of sleep, a lack of skills is quickly discovered," knows Schmidt.

Signs of disguised drug use

Cold feeling, arrogance, aggression, loss of impulse control, extremely long waking phases without sleep, extremely long, coma-like deep sleep phases

The social pedagogue assumes that parents who already have experience with drugs are in danger of digging up old patterns and resorting to the means they are familiar with. Schmidt assumes a high number of unreported cases when it comes to hashish consumption.

The same applies to amphetamines – both are financially affordable, do not make you physically dependent and do not attract attention at first or second glance. If only because you don’t suspect it in such an environment. The only signs, such as a certain cold feeling or arrogance, can hardly be interpreted correctly.

Dangerous mixtures in circulation

If you don’t attract attention, you can’t get any help. Schmidt and his colleagues found, however, that relatives are turning to them more and more frequently. "For example, the partners who no longer want to go along with it, who ask for help." Also and above all out of concern for their children.

"When children are involved, it is always particularly difficult. Suppose a mother is awake for three days in a row, at some point the body wants its sleep back. So she either falls into a deep comatose sleep and can no longer carry out her educational task. Or she cannot rest, is then insanely electrified, aggression and loss of impulse control occur. Maybe even violence."

Another danger that is very often underestimated is the fact that the drugs that are in circulation today are no longer comparable to those of twenty or thirty years ago. More and more chemical substances are simply dumped together at random. Such funds can lead to psychosis. But they can also be fatal.

"So if we look at the parents who fall back on old experiences, one quickly sees the problem: These experiences cannot be transferred." But by the time you notice it, it can be too late.

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A special kind of happiness: In Great Britain, for the first time in the world, a woman whose fertility was restored with ovarian tissue removed before puberty has become a mother. The 24-year-old Moaza Al Matrooshi gave birth to a child after successful treatment, said the University of Leeds.

17-hour procedure – Siamese twins separated after surgical marathon

17-hour procedure
Siamese twins separated after surgical marathon

Erika and Eva shared large parts of the lower half of the body, as well as the liver and the urinary bladder. Video

According to a report by the BBC, the little boy was born on Tuesday, December 13th, 2016 in a private clinic in London.

Chemotherapy destroys the ovary

According to the university, the woman from Dubai had to undergo chemotherapy at the age of nine because of a serious blood disease. Since such therapy can permanently destroy the function of the ovaries, the girl’s right ovary was removed beforehand and frozen at the University of Leeds.

In fact, the woman’s left ovary was destroyed by chemotherapy. The university reported that she had menopause when she russian brides ukraine wives was in her early 20s. Therefore, the frozen ovarian tissue was put back in her last year. After the transplant, her hormone levels stabilized and she actually produced mature eggs.

Tissue was removed before puberty

Al Matrooshi was the first woman in whom the procedure was successful before the onset of puberty, said the head of the university’s reproductive medicine department, Helen Picton. In Belgium, a woman had already become a mother last year at the age of 13 an ovary had also been removed for chemotherapy. According to the British doctors, however, puberty had already begun.

Al Matrooshi told the BBC that the birth of her son was for her "like a wonder". she has "waited so long" and now actually "a healthy baby" brought into the world.

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Premature babies need a lot of loving body contact in order to develop well – the so-called kangaroo method has proven itself for this. A study shows that the children benefit from it decades later. 

Pregnancy Calendar – This happens after fertilization

Pregnancy calendar
That happens after fertilization

With the kangaroo method, underweight premature babies are often carried on bare skin by their mothers, warmed and, if possible, breastfed. This improves the chances of survival and development even in extremely premature babies. 

The result of a long-term study is now available for this method, which was carried out with the support of Canadian researchers in Colombia’s capital Bogota. The results were published in the specialist journal "Pediatrics" released.

The premature baby program examined encompassed more than skin contact between the premature baby and mother: the entire families were involved and trained in handling the tiny babies. The control group were babies who were cared for in the conventional way, primarily in an incubator, in their first few months of life.

This is what happens to the premature kangaroos 20 years later

18 to 20 years after birth, the adolescents were intensively examined and questioned for three days.